A Brief Guide on Arabica Coffee: Origin and Health Benefits

For coffee lovers, the term "arabica coffee" is nothing new. Arabica coffee has a lighter flavor and is considered the oldest coffee bean cultivated.

As the most popular coffee in the world, its caffeine content is lower than that of Robusta coffee. On the contrary, growing Arabica coffee is much more complicated than Robusta, which makes it more expensive than the latter. But this, of course, will not stop people from enjoying the strong flavor of a cup of Arabica coffee.

If you want to savor a good cup of Arabica coffee, you can turn to Arabica coffee importers like us.

ArabicaCoffee Origin

The Oromo tribe of the Kingdom of Kefa in 1000 BC was the first Ethiopian to taste Arabica coffee beans. Like today's modern drinkers, these tribes had the beans as stimulants. In the 7th century, Arabica received its current name when it crossed the Arab lowlands.

Scholars in Yemen roasted coffee beans and noted that the drinks they obtained managed to extend their working hours. It also became the first written record of coffee.

How to Grow and Harvest Arabica

Arabica coffee thrives in mountainous areas and other high-altitude areas. It gets fully mature in 7 years. The ideal temperature for an Arabica coffee plantation is 15-24 ° C, which makes it sensitive for growing in warmer areas.

It can grow up to 12 meters in the wild but can be cut to 2 meters for commercial planting to simplify the harvesting process. The leaves are dark green and oval, with a cherry ripening period of 7 to 9 months.

Each cherry contains two flat seeds, or the coffee bean itself contains no other seeds. Sometimes only a flat seed develops, which is called a pea.

The harvest is done by hand. This is due to the topography of the plantation. Because it grows in the mountains, it is impossible to use mechanical equipment. Brazil is an exception, its terrain is flat, so machinery can be used.

Generally, there are two known methods for harvesting Arabica:

Strip Pick: Here, the cherries are harvested together by hand or with a machine. In this way, the unripe cherries can be collected together with the ripe cherries. Unripe cherries will damage the quality of processing; therefore, coffee producers must use additional equipment such as pulpers and optical sorters to separate the immature crop.

Selective Pick: It allows a more careful and detailed method to ensure that only the ripe ones are selected. Although it may take longer, the picker can selectively pick cherries by hand, reducing the chance of picking immature cherries.

Health Benefits of Arabica Coffee

Nature provides benefits for the fruits that humans eat, and Arabica coffee is no different. Here some benefits of this coffee:

Protects Cells with Antioxidant Compounds

Studies have shown that the antioxidant properties of Arabica (such as phenolic acid) help protect human cells from free radical compounds that damage the body. Studies have shown that drinking coffee can reduce the risk of endometrial cancer, liver cancer, and other types of mouth, pharyngeal, and skin cancers.

Fights Oral Bacteria

One study found that Arabica coffee extract has the potential to inhibit bacteria that live in the mouth. The oral bacteria called Lactobacillus acidophilus is known to cause cavities. One study showed that the presence of caffeine and chlorogenic acid helps fight this bacteria.

Lowering Glucose

A study showed that arabinose extract has the ability to lower glucose in diabetic rats, making it a possible antidiabetic for the treatment of diabetes. Drinking a cup of Arabica coffee reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes to 6%, while 3 -4 cups of coffee a day reduces the risk of diabetes by 25%.

Contains Vitamins and Minerals

An 8-ounce cup of brewed coffee contains 7 milligrams of magnesium, 0.6 milligrams of manganese, 0.5 milligrams of niacin, and 0.2 milligrams of riboflavin, while a 3.5-ounce cup contains 1,348 milligrams of potassium and 56 milligrams. sodium.

Low in Calories

In its natural state, Arabica coffee has zero calories. This is an ideal coffee if you are concerned about gaining weight, but for those who want to spice up the creamy taste, using low-fat milk can be used as an alternative without significantly increasing calorie intake.

Arabica Coffee has a lot of other health benefits such as regulating blood pressure, or the high potassium and low sodium that help control hydration and fluid balance.

With so many health benefits and such good taste and flavor, it’s hard to see why you wouldn’t want a cup of Arabica to brighten up your mornings. If you are looking for good quality Arabica coffee beans, we, as one of the leading Arabica coffee importers can arrange the finest green/raw Arabica beans from Brazil. 

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